Location and Extent Class 10 Geography Notes Maharashtra State Board
A few hints and the flags of the two countries are given below. Using them, identify these two countries. You can easily identify one of them and hope you can easily identify the other too.
- The second largest populated country in the world.
- Famous for spices in the world.
- Cricket is a popular sport here.
- Famous for Samba dance.
- Known as the ‘coffee pot’ of the world.
- Football is a very popular sport here.
Name of the Country: Republic of India
Name of the Capital: New Delhi
Location, extent, and boundaries: India is located in the northern and eastern hemispheres of the Earth. It is located in the southern part of the Asian continent. With the help of the figure, find the extent of mainland India. Fill in the degree values in degrees in blank spaces – ……°4′ N to ……°6′ N latitudes and between ……°7′ E to ……°25′ E longitudes.
Indira Point is the southernmost tip of India. It is located at 6°45′ N parallel.
Observe figure. Identify the countries and water bodies around India and complete the table in your notebook.
Name of the Country: Federative Republic of Brazil
Name of the Capital: Brasilia
Location, extent, and boundaries: Some part of Brazil lies in the northern hemisphere while most of it lies in the southern hemisphere. Also, it lies in the western hemisphere in the northern part of the South American continent.
With the help of the figure, find the extent of mainland Brazil. Fill in the degree values in blank spaces- ….°15′ N to ….°45′ S
latitudes and between ….°45′ W to ….°48′ W longitudes.
Observe figure. Identify Brazil’s neighbouring countries and oceans. Fill in the chart given below in your notebook.
Historical Background: India
India was under the British rule for almost one-and-a-half centuries. India gained its independence in the year 1947. Despite facing several problems like three wars, famine situations in various parts, and similar issues after independence, India is a major developing country of the world. India is considered to be a global market too. Because of various economic reforms from time to time, India’s economic development has paced up. The proportion of youth in India’s population is high. Because this forms a major part of the working population, India is looked upon as a young country.
Historical Background: Brazil
For more than three centuries, Brazil was under Portuguese rule. Brazil gained its independence in 1822. From 1930 to 1985, for more than a half-century, it was under a populist military government. It has overcome global financial difficulties in the late 20th century. Brazil is seen as a contributor to the economic growth of the world and an important market in the future.
We celebrate our Independence Day on August 15, whereas Brazil celebrates her Independence Day on Sept. 07. India has a federal parliamentary republic type of government, whereas Brazil has federal presidential republic type of government. The name ‘Brazil‘ comes from ‘Pau Brasil’, a local wooded tree.
Good Maharashtra State Board Class 10 Geography Notes Location and Extent can simplify complex concepts and make studying more efficient.