Maharashtra Board 10th Class Maths Part 1 Practice Set 5.3 Solutions Chapter 5 Probability

Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 10 Maths Solutions covers the Practice Set 5.3 Algebra 10th Class Maths Part 1 Answers Solutions Chapter 5 Probability.

Practice Set 5.3 Algebra 10th Std Maths Part 1 Answers Chapter 5 Probability

Question 1.
Write sample space ‘S’ and number of sample points n(S) for each of the following experiments. Also write events A, B, C in the set form and write n(A), n(B), n(C).

i. One die is rolled,
Event A: Even number on the upper face.
Event B: Odd number on the upper face.
Event C: Prime number on the upper face.

ii. Two dice are rolled simultaneously,
Event A: The sum of the digits on upper faces is a multiple of 6.
Event B: The sum of the digits on the upper faces is minimum 10.
Event C: The same digit on both the upper faces.

iii. Three coins are tossed simultaneously.
Condition for event A: To get at least two heads.
Condition for event B: To get no head.
Condition for event C: To get head on the second coin.

iv. Two digit numbers are formed using digits 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 without repetition of the digits.
Condition for event A: The number formed is even.
Condition for event B: The number is divisible by 3.
Condition for event C: The number formed is greater than 50.

v. From three men and two women, environment committee of two persons is to be formed.
Condition for event A: There must be at least one woman member.
Condition for event B: One man, one woman committee to be formed.
Condition for event C: There should not be a woman member.

vi. One coin and one die are thrown simultaneously.
Condition for event A: To get head and an odd number.
Condition for event B: To get a head or tail and an even number.
Condition for event C: Number on the upper face is greater than 7 and tail on the coin.
Solution:
i. Sample space (S) = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}
∴ n(S) = 6
Condition for event A: Even number on the upper face.
∴ A = {2,4,6}
∴ n(A) = 3
Condition for event B: Odd number on the upper face.
∴ B = {1, 3, 5}
∴ n(B) = 3
Condition for event C: Prime number on the upper face.
∴ C = {2, 3, 5}
∴ n(C) = 3

ii. Sample space,
S = {(1,1), (1,2), (1,3), (1,4), (1,5), (1,6),
(2,1), (2,2), (2,3), (2,4), (2,5), (2,6),
(3,1), (3,2), (3,3), (3,4), (3,5), (3,6),
(4,1), (4,2), (4,3), (4,4), (4,5), (4,6),
(5,1), (5,2), (5,3), (5,4), (5,5), (5,6),
(6,1), (6,2), (6,3), (6,4), (6,5), (6,6)}
∴ n(S) = 36
Condition for event A: The sum of the digits on the upper faces is a multiple of 6.
A = {(1, 5), (2, 4), (3, 3), (4, 2), (5, 1), (6, 6)}
∴ n(A) = 6

Condition for event B: The sum of the digits on the upper faces is minimum 10.
B = {(4, 6), (5, 5), (5, 6), (6, 4), (6, 5), (6, 6)}
∴ n(B) = 6

Condition for event C: The same digit on both the upper faces.
C = {(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3), (4, 4), (5, 5), (6, 6)}
∴ n(C) = 6

iii. Sample space,
S = {HHH, HHT, HTH, THH, HTT, THT, TTH, TTT}
∴ n(S) = 8

Condition for event A: To get at least two heads.
∴ A = {HHT, HTH, THH, HHH}
∴ n(A) = 4

Condition for event B: To get no head.
∴ B = {TTT}
∴ n(B) = 1

Condition for event C: To get head on the second coin.
∴ C = {HHH, HHT, THH, THT}
∴ n(C) = 4

iv. Sample space (S) = {10, 12, 13, 14, 15,
20, 21, 23, 24, 25,
30, 31, 32, 34, 35,
40, 41, 42, 43,
45, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54}
∴ n(S) = 25
Condition for event A: The number formed is even
∴ A = {10, 12, 14, 20, 24, 30, 32, 34, 40, 42, 50, 52, 54)
∴ n(A) = 13
Condition for event B: The number formed is divisible by 3.
∴ B = {12, 15, 21, 24, 30, 42, 45, 51, 54}
∴ n(B) = 9
Condition for event C: The number formed is greater than 50.
∴ C = {51,52, 53,54}
∴ n(C) = 4

v. Let the three men be M1, M2, M3 and the two women be W1, W2.
Out of these men and women, a environment committee of two persons is to be formed.
∴ Sample space,
S = {M1M2, M1M3, M1W1, M1W2, M2M3, M2W1, M2W2, M3W1, M3W2, W1W2}
∴ n(S) = 10
Condition for event A: There must be at least one woman member.
∴ A = {M1W1, M1W2, M2W1, M2W2, M3W1, M3W2, W1W2}
∴ n(A) = 7
Condition for event B: One man, one woman committee to be formed.
∴ B = {M1W1, M1W2, M2W1, M2W2, M3W2, M3W2}
∴ n(B) = 6
Condition for event C: There should not be a woman member.
∴ C = {M1M2, M1M3, M2M3}
∴ n(C) = 3

vi. Sample space,
S = {(H, 1), (H, 2), (H, 3), (H, 4), (H, 5), (H, 6), (T, 1), (T, 2), (T, 3), (T, 4), (T, 5), (T, 6)}
∴ n(S) = 12
Condition for event A: To get head and an odd number.
∴ A = {(H, 1), (H, 3), (H, 5)}
∴ n(A) = 3
Condition for event B: To get a head or tail and an even number.
∴ B = {(H, 2), (H, 4), (H, 6), (T, 2), (T, 4), (T, 6)}
∴ n(B) = 6
Condition for event C: Number on the upper face is greater than 7 and tail on the coin.
The greatest number on the upper face of a die is 6.
∴ Event C is an impossible event.
∴ C = { }
∴ n(C) = 0

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