Maharashtra Board Class 8 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Expansion Formulae Practice Set 5.4

Maharashtra State Board Class 8 Maths Solutions Chapter 5 Expansion Formulae Practice Set 5.4

Question 1.
Expand:
i. (2p + q + 5)²
ii. (m + 2n + 3r)²
iii. (3x + 4y – 5p)²
iv. (7m – 3n – 4k)²
Solution:
i. (2p + q + 5)² = (2p)² + (q)² + (5)² + 2(2p) (q) + 2(q) (5) + 2(2p) (5)
… [(a + b + c)² = a² + b² + c² + 2ab + 2bc + 2ac]
= 4p² + q² + 25 + 4pq + 10q + 20p

ii. (m + 2n + 3r)² = (m)² + (2n)² + (3r)² + 2(m) (2n) + 2(2n) (3r) + 2(m) (3r)
… [(a + b + c)² = a² + b² + c² + 2ab + 2bc + 2ac]
= m² + 4n² + 9r² + 4mn + 12nr + 6mr

iii. (3x + 4y – 5p)² = (3x)² + (4y)² + (- 5p)² + 2(3x) (4y) + 2(4y) (- 5p) + 2(3x) (- 5p)
… [(a + b + c)² = a² + b² + c² + 2ab + 2bc + 2ac]
= 9x + 16y² + 25p² + 24xy – 40py – 30px

iv. (7m – 3n – 4k)² = (7m)² + (- 3n)² + (- 4k)² + 2(7m) (- 3n) + 2 (- 3n) (- 4k) + 2 (7m) (- 4k)
… [(a + b + c)² = a² + b² + c² + 2ab + 2bc + 2ac]
= 49m² + 9n² + 16k² – 42mn + 24nk – 56km

Question 2.
Simplify:
i. (x – 2y + 3)² + (x + 2y – 3)²
ii. (3k – 4r – 2m)² – (3k + 4r – 2m)²
iii. (7a – 6b + 5c)² + (7a + 6b – 5c)²
Solution:
i. (x – 2y + 3)² + (x + 2y – 3)²
= [(x)² + (- 2y)² + (3)² + 2 (x) (- 2y) + 2 (- 2y) (3) + 2 (x) (3)] + [(x)² + (2y)² + (- 3)² + 2 (x) (2y) + 2 (2y) (- 3) + 2 (x) (- 3)]
… [(a + b + c)² = a² + b² + c² + 2ab + 2bc + 2ac]
= x² + 4y² + 9 – 4xy – 12y + 6x + x² + 4y² + 9 + 4xy – 12y – 6x
= x + x² + 4y² + 4y² + 9 + 9 – 4xy + 4xy – 12y – 12y + 6x – 6x
= 2x² + 8y² + 18 – 24y

ii. (3k – 4r – 2m)² – (3k + 4r – 2m)²
= [(3k)² + (- 4r)² + (- 2m)² + 2 (3k) (- 4r) + 2 (- 4r) (- 2m) + 2 (3k) (- 2m)] – [(3k)² + (4r)² + (- 2m)² + 2 (3k) (4r) + 2 (4r) (- 2m) + 2 (3k) (- 2m)]
… [(a + b + c)² = a² + b² + c² + 2ab + 2bc + 2ac]
= (9k² + 16r² + 4m² – 24kr + 16rm – 12km) – (9k² + 16r² + 4m² + 24kr – 16rm – 12km)
= 9k² + 16r² + 4m² – 24kr + 16rm – 12km – 9k² – 16r² – 4m² – 24kr + 16rm + 12km
= 9k² – 9k² + 16r² – 16r² + 4m² – 4m² – 24kr – 24kr + 16rm + 16rm – 12km + 12km
= 32rm – 48kr

iii. (7a – 6b + 5c)² + (7a + 6b – 5c)²
= [(7a)² + (- 6b)² + (5c)² + 2(7a) (-6b) + 2(-6b) (5c) + 2(7a) (5c)] + [(7a)² + (6b)² + (- 5c)² + 2 (7a) (6b) + 2 (6b) (- 5c) + 2 (7a) (- 5c)]
… [(a + b + c)² = a² + b² + c² + 2ab + 2bc + 2ac]
= 49a² + 36b² + 25c² – 84ab – 60bc + 70ac + 49a² + 36b² + 25c² + 84ab – 60bc – 70ac
= 49a² + 49a² + 36b² + 36b² + 25c² + 25c² – 84ab + 84ab – 60bc – 60bc + 70ac – 70ac
= 98a² + 72b² + 50c² – 120bc

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Maths Chapter 5 Expansion Formulae Practice Set 5.4 Intext Questions and Activities

Question 1.
Fill in the boxes with appropriate terms in the steps of expansion. (Textbook pg. no. 27)
(2p + 3m + 4n)²
= (2p)² + (3m)² + __ + 2 × 2p × 3m + 2 × __ × 4n + 2 × 2p × __
= __ + 9m² + __ + 12pm + __ + __
Solution:
(2p + 3m + 4n)²
= (2p)² + (3m)² + (4n)² + 2 x 2p x 3m + 2 x 3m x 4n + 2 x 2p x 4n
= 4p² + 9m² + 16n² + 12pm + 24mn + 16pn

Maharashtra Board Class 8 Maths Solutions

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