Maharashtra Board 10th Class Maths Part 1 Practice Set 1.5 Solutions Chapter 1 Linear Equations in Two Variables

Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 10 Maths Solutions covers the Practice Set 1.5 Algebra 10th Class Maths Part 1 Answers Solutions Chapter 1 Linear Equations in Two Variables.

Practice Set 1.5 Algebra 10th Std Maths Part 1 Answers Chapter 1 Linear Equations in Two Variables

Question 1.
Two numbers differ by 3. The sum of twice the smaller number and thrice the greater number is 19. Find the numbers.
Solution:
Let the greater number be x and the smaller number be y.
According to the first condition, x – y = 3 …(i)
According to the second condition,
3x + 2y = 19 …(ii)
Multiplying equation (i) by 2, we get
2x – 2y = 6 …(iii)
Adding equations (ii) and (iii), we get
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set Ex 1.5 1
Substituting x = 5 in equation (i), we get
5 – y = 3
∴ 5 – 3 = y
∴ y = 2
∴ The required numbers are 5 and 2.

Question 2.
Complete the following.
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set Ex 1.5 2
Solution:
Opposite sides of a rectangle are equal.
∴ 2x + y + 8 = 4x – y
∴ 8 = 4x – 2x – y – y
∴ 2x – 2y = 8
∴ x – y = 4 …(i)[Dividingboth sides by 2]
Also, x + 4= 2y
∴ x – 2y = -4 …(ii)
Subtracting equation (ii) from (i), we get
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set Ex 1.5 3
Substituting y = 8 in equation (i), we get
x – 8 = 4
∴ x = 4 + 8
∴ x = 12
Now, length of rectangle = 4x – y
= 4(12) – 8
= 48 – 8
∴ Length of rectangle = 40
Breadth of rectangle = 2y = 2(8) = 16
Perimeter of rectangle = 2(length + breadth)
= 2(40 + 16)
= 2(56)
∴ Perimeter of rectangle =112 units
Area of rectangle = length × breadth
= 40 × 16
∴ Area of rectangle = 640 sq. units
∴ x = 12 and y = 8, Perimeter of rectangle is 112 units and area of rectangle is 640 sq. units.

Question 3.
The sum of father’s age and twice the age of his son is 70. If we double the age of the father and add it to the age of his son the sum is 95. Find their present ages.
Solution:
Let the present ages of father and son be x years and y years respectively.
According to the first condition,
x + 2y = 70 …(i)
According to the second condition,
2x + y = 95 …(ii)
Multiplying equation (i) by 2, we get
2x + 4y = 140 …(iii)
Subtracting equation (ii) from (iii), we get
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set Ex 1.5 4
Substituting y = 15 in equation (i), we get
x + 2(15) = 7O
⇒ x + 30 = 70
⇒ x = 70 – 30
∴ x = 40
∴ The present ages of father and son are 40 years and 15 years respectively.

Question 4.
The denominator of a fraction is 4 more than twice its numerator. Denominator becomes 12 times the numerator, if both the numerator and the denominator are reduced by 6. Find the fraction.
Solution:
Let the numerator of the fraction be x and the denominator be y.
∴ Fraction = \(\frac { x }{ y } \)
According to the first condition,
y = 2x + 4
∴ 2x – y = -4 …(i)
According to the second condition,
(y – 6)= 12(x – 6)
∴ y – 6 = 12x – 72
∴ 12x – y = 72 – 6
∴ 12x – y = 66 …(ii)
Subtracting equation (i) from (ii), we get
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set Ex 1.5 5

Question 5.
Two types of boxes A, B ,are to be placed in a truck having capacity of 10 tons. When 150 boxes of type A and 100 boxes of type B are loaded in the truck, it weights 10 tons. But when 260 boxes of type A are loaded in the truck, it can still accommodate 40 boxes of type B, so that it is fully loaded. Find the weight of each type of box.
Solution:
Let the weights of box of type A be x kg and that of box of type B be y kg.
1 ton = 1000 kg
∴ 10 tons = 10000 kg
According to the first condition,
150x + 100y = 10000
∴ 3x + 2y = 200 …(i) [Dividing both sides by 50]
According to the second condition,
260x + 40y = 10000
∴ 13x + 2y = 500 …(ii) [Dividing both sides by 20]
Subtracting equation (i) from (ii), we get
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set Ex 1.5 6
∴ The weights of box of type A is 30 kg and that of box of type B is 55 kg.

Question 6.
Out of 1900 km, Vishal travelled some distance by bus and some by aeroplane. Bus travels with average speed 60 km/hr and the average speed of aeroplane is 700 km/hr. It takes 5 hours to complete the journey. Find the distance Vishal travelled by bus.
Solution:
Let the distance Vishal travelled by bus be x km and by aeroplane be y km.
According to the first condition,
x + y = 1900 …(i)
\(\text { Time }=\frac{\text { Distance }}{\text { Speed }} \)
∴ Time required to cover x km by bus = \(\frac { x }{ 60 } \) hr
Time required to cover y km by aeroplane
= \(\frac { y }{ 700 } \) hr
According to the second condition,
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set Ex 1.5 7
Multiplying equation (i) by 6, we get
6x + 6y= 11400 …(iii)
Subtracting equation (iii) from (ii), we get
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set Ex 1.5 9
∴ The distance Vishal travelled by bus is 150 km.

Question 1.
There are some instructions given below. Frame the equations from the information and write them in the blank boxes shown by arrows. (Textbook pg. no. 20)
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 10 Maths Solutions Chapter 1 Linear Equations in Two Variables Practice Set Ex 1.5 10

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