Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

Balbharti Maharashtra State Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World Notes, Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.

Maharashtra State Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

Class 6 Science Chapter 2 The Living World Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Write the answers to the following questions in your words. 

Question a.
What are the differences between plants and animals?
Answer:

Plants Animals
1. Plants cannot move from one place to another. They are anchored to the soil. 1. Animals can move from one place to another.
2. Plants prepare their own food with the help of chlorophyll and sunlight. 2. Animals cannot prepare their own food. They move in search of food from one place to another.
3. Plants grow throughout their life. 3. Animals grow only up to a certain period of their life.
4. Plants respire with the help of microscopic pores present on their leaves and stems. 4. Animals respire with the help of special organs like lungs, gills, trachea, etc.
5. Plants excrete their waste by storing them in the leaves and bark of plants and then shedding them seasonally. 5. Animals excrete their waste with the help of special organs regularly.
6. Plants are only living things which take in carbon dioxide and give out oxygen during photosynthesis. 6. Animals take in oxygen and give out carbon dioxide throughout their life.
7. Plants reproduce with the help of seeds, stems, spores, bulbs etc. 7. Animals reproduce by laying eggs or giving birth to young ones.

Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

Question b.
What are the similarities between plants and animals?
Answer:

  1. Both plants and animals increase in height, size and weight as they grow into an adult.
  2. They require food to supply energy to carry out the various life processes.
  3. They have a fixed life span after which they die.
  4. All plants and animals respire and they take in oxygen and give out carbon dioxide while breathing.
  5. All the plants and animals excrete their wastes produced in their body.
  6. All plants and animals have ability to reproduce.
  7. All plants and animals show responsiveness to their external stimuli.

Question c.
How is the plant kingdom useful to us?
Answer:

  1. Plants are used for household as well as industrial purposes.
  2. They provide us with food in the form of fruits, vegetables etc., e.g. Potato, methi, bhendi, apple, mango, etc.
  3. Some plants are also used as medicines e.g. Adulsa, Hirada, Tulsi etc.
  4. They also support birds which build their nests.
  5. Wood of tress like oak, fir, birch, etc. are used to make furniture, in building homes, etc. Wood pulp is used to make paper.

Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

Question d.
How is the animal kingdom useful to us?
Answer:

  1. Dogs, cats, cows, etc. are domesticated. Dogs and cats are used as pets.
  2. Cows, buffaloes, goats, etc. are used for getting their milk.
  3. Sheep is used for obtaining wool.
  4. Horses, oxen, camels and donkeys are used to carry burden and for various other occupations.
  5. Earthworm is useful in agriculture.
  6. Birds like hens, turkeys, and ducks provide their eggs to us for food.
  7. Insects like bees provide us with honey, silkworm provides us with silk.

Question e.
What makes living things different from non-living things?
Answer:

Living Things Non-Living Things
1. Living things can grow on their own in size, height and weight. 1. Non-living things do not grow on their own in size, height and weight.
2. Living things can move from one place to another on their own. 2. Non-living things can move only if someone moves them.
3. Living things can reproduce. 3. Non-living things cannot reproduce.
4. Living things exhibit responses to various stimuli. 4. Non-living things do not exhibit responses to various stimuli.
5. They require food for their growth. 5. They do not require any food.

Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

2. What helps them to breathe?

Question a.
(a) A fish (b) A snake (c) A crane (d) An earthworm (e) Man (f) A banyantree (g) A caterpillar.
Answer:

Plant/Animal Breathing Organ
A fish gills
A snake external nostrils and lungs.
A crane external nose and air sacs in lungs.
An earthworm moist skin.
Man nose and lungs.
A banyan tree microscopic pores (called stomata) present on leaves.
A caterpillar trachea which opens at the side in their skin.

3. Fill in the blanks with the proper words from the brackets.
(plants, oxygen, dies, excretion, carbon- dioxide, photosynthesis, stimuli, cells, sunlight, chlorophyll, microscopic pores, responsiveness.)

Question a.
The process by which plants make their own food is called ……………… .
Answer:
photosynthesis

Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

Question b.
To inhale …………. and to exhale ……………. is called respiration.
Answer:
oxygen, carbon-dioxide

Question c.
The elimination of waste substances fr6m the body is called ………….. .
Answer:
excretion

Question d.
The ability to respond to an event is called ……….. to ………… .
Answer:
responsiveness, stimuli

Question e.
On completing their lifespan, every living thing ………….. .
Answer:
dies

Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

4. Write the uses of these animals and plants.
Animals: Honeybees, sharks, yaks, sheep, earthworms, dogs, bivalves, horses, mice.
Plants: Ginger, mango, eucalyptus, babul (acacia), teak, spinach, aloevera, turmeric, holy basil, karanja, moh, mulberry, grapevine.

Question a.
Write the uses of these animals and plants.
Answer:

Animals Uses:

Animals Uses
1. Honeybees Honey and wax prepared by them is used by us. Beeswax is used in cosmetics like lip – balm, lipgloss, etc.
2. Sharks The ‘shark liver oil’ obtained from them is a rich source of vitamins.
3. Yaks Milk and meat obtained is used as food. Yaks are also used for carrying loads in mountainous regions.
4. Sheep Their fleece is used as a good source of wool. Their meat is used as food.
5. Earthworms They convert biodegradable waste to good manure (vermicompost)which can be used in fields and gardens. They are called “friends of farmers” as they make the soil fertile.
6. Dogs They are used as pets to guard houses and farms.
7. Bivalves Bivalves like oysters are used to obtain pearls used in jewellery making. They are also used as food.
8. Horses They are used for pulling carriages, heavy loads and also as means of transport in mountainous regions.
9. Mice They are used in research to test medicines, vaccines etc.
10. Rabbits They are used as pets and also in research. Their meat is used as food.

Plants Uses:

Plants Uses
1. Ginger Used as medicine to cure digestive problems of stomach. It is also used as a spice in food.
2. Mango It is used to prepare pickles when raw and as a fruit when ripe. It is also used to prepare jam, jelly and in ice-creams.
3. Eucalyptus Leaves and oil extracted from it is used as medicine to cure fever, cold and cough.
4. Babul (Acacia) It is used as a medicine. Also used as cattle feed. It is used to clean teeth. It was also used to cure leprosy and heal wounds.
5. Teak (Sag) Its wood is used to make furniture.
6. Spinach (Palak) It is used as a vegetable.
7. Aloe vera (Korphad) It is used to treat various skin diseases. Its gel is used as a moisturizer for skin and for treating hair fall.
8. Turmeric It is used as a spice and has medicinal properties. It is used for healing wounds and cuts due to its antiseptic properties (i.e. helps to prevent growth of bacteria).
9. Holy basil (Tulsi) It is used as medicine to cure cough and cold. It also reduces air pollution and drives away mosquitoes.
10. Karanja (Jatropha) It is used as a medicine and its seeds are used to prepare biodiesel.
11. Moh (Mahwa) [Scientific name: Madhuca longifolia] The fat extracted from its seeds is used in the manufacture of soaps and detergents. Its bark and flowers are used as medicine. Its leaves are used to feed silkworms which produce Tussar silk. Seeds and flowers are also used to make wine.
12. Mulberry The leaves of these trees are used for feeding silkworms which produce silk. The fruits are rich in vitamins. Jam and jelly are also made from these fruits.
13. Grapevine

 

Grapes are fruits of a grapevine. They are used for making jam, jelly, juice, wine and are also eaten as fruits. Raisins are prepared from these grapes.

Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

5. What are the peculiarities of the movements of these living things?
Living things : Snakes, tortoises, kangaroos, eagles, chameleons, frogs, gulmohur, sweet potato creeper, dolphins, ants, rattlesnakes, grasshoppers, earthworms.

Question a.
What are the peculiarities of the movements of these living things?
Answer:

1. Snakes They don’t have legs. They move in a S-shaped wavy motion. They cannot move over smooth surface. They move by contraction and relaxation of their body muscles.
2. Tortoises They are very slow and they walk on their four legs by raising their body off the ground. They are the slowest animals.
3. Kangaroos The hind legs of kangaroos are long and front legs are short. A kangaroo moves by hopping (jumping) on its muscular hind legs with the support of long tail outstretched behind. This movement is called penta pedal movement [Penta = 5, pedal = legs].
4. Eagles Eagles fly at great heights and they can lift and fly away with prey which are heavier than them. Wings of eagles are strong and powerful.
5. Chameleons Chameleons can change the colour of their skin and camouflage (hide) in their surroundings. They move slowly with their four legs. They also use their tail and claws to grab a branch and balance themselves.
6. Frogs Their hind legs are long and front legs are short. Hence, they hop on their hind legs, when on land, and swim with the help of hind limbs when in water.
7. Gulmohar Gulmohar blooms in summer and the flowers which are red in colour reveal very few leaves. Their leaves fold up during evening. It grows to a height of 5 m to 12 m and it shed all its leaves in dry season.
8. Sweet potato creeper Sweet potato creepers are fastest growing creepers that cover the whole ground. If they find some support, they try to bend towards it.
9. Dolphins They move on surface of water by slapping their tail, exposing their head, leaping out of water, diving in the water and doing a side flop. 30 patterns are seen in their behaviour while moving on water.
10. Ants The ants move in a line and as they move, they leave a chemical called pheromone behind as a trail which attracts other ants. They have six legs and they can walk very fast.
11. Rattle snakes Rattle snake is a highly poisonous snake. The rattling sound is made by the shaking of the rattle located on its tail when it moves.
12. Grasshoppers They are insects with three pairs of walking legs and two pairs of wings which helps them to walk, fly and jump. They can leap vigorously due to powerful hind legs.
13. Earthworms Each segment on the body of earthworm contain group of bristles (called setae) which are used for movement. They move forward by repeated contractions and relaxations of their muscles. A slimy substances secreted by the earthworm helps in its movement.

Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

6. Write in detail about how the plants and animals found in your surroundings prove useful or harmful.

Question a.
Write in detail about how the plants and animals found in your surroundings prove useful or harmful.
Answer:
Some animals and plants around us are harmful to man.

  1. Mosquitoes and flies spread diseases.
  2. Cockroaches, mice, rats destroy our food. Lice, ticks also spread diseases.
  3. The bites of some poisonous lizards, spiders, snakes and scorpions can even cause death.
  4. If wild elephants enter human settlements, they cause a lot of destruction.
  5. Dog bite from a rabid dog can cause rabies.
  6. Plants like datura are poisonous. Consumption of its seed can cause death.
  7. Uncontrolled growth of algae and fungi pollutes water and may cause disease. Fungi cause rotting of food.
  8. Pods of nettle and colocasia leaves can cause itching.
  9. Weeds like parthemum, dodder affect crop growth.

Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

Activity:

Class 6 Science Chapter 2 The Living World Question Answer Question 1.
Obtain information about the work of the Botanical Survey of India and the Zoological Survey of India by visiting the websites :
www.bsi.gov.in, W.zsi.gov.in

Class 6 Science Chapter 2 The Living World Question 2.
Collect information about the lifespan of various animals, make a chart and display it in your class.

The Living World Class 6 Questions And Answers Question 3.
Gather information about the poisonous snakes found in India and present it in a Science Exhibition.

Class 6 Science Chapter 2 The Living World Important Questions and Answers

Fill in the blanks with the proper words from the brackets.
(plants, cells, sunlight, chlorophyll, microscopic pores.)

The Living World Class 6 Question Answers Question 1.
Living things are made up of small units called ……….. .
Answer:
cells

Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

The Living World Class 6 Question 2.
A potted plant placed in a window grows towards ………… .
Answer:
sunlight

The Living World Class 6 Solutions Question 3.
Plants appear green in colour due to the presence of ………… .
Answer:
chlorophyll

The Living World Class 6 Exercise Answers Question 4.
Plants respire by means of ………….. on their stems and leaves.
Answer:
microscopic pores

My Living World Book Class 6 Answers Question 5.
……………….. grow throughout their lifespan.
Answer:
Plants

Match the columns:

Question 1.

Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’
1. Responsiveness to stimuli a. plants shed leaves in Autumn
2. Respiration b. seeds sprout when sowed in soil
3. Excretion c. petals of lotus close when sun sets
4. Reproduction d. oxygen is taken in through moist skin in earthworms.

Answer:

Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’
1. Responsiveness to stimuli c. petals of lotus close when sunsets
2. Respiration d. oxygen is taken in through moist skin in earthworms.
3. Excretion a. plants shed leaves in Autumn
4. Reproduction b. seeds sprout when sowed in soil

Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

Plants carry out photosynthesis to prepare their food. With reference to this process of photosynthesis, match the columns given below.

Question 1.

Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’
1. Minerals a. given out into the air
2. Carbon dioxide b. absorbed from the soil
3. Heat from sunlight c. absorbed from the air
4. Oxygen d. absorbed by chlorophyll.

Answer:

Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’
1. Minerals b. absorbed from the soil
2. Carbon dioxide c. absorbed from the air
3. Heat from sunlight d. absorbed by chlorophyll.
4. Oxygen a. given out into the air

Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

Can you tell?

Question 1.
What differences do you see between the young ones and the adults in the picture?
Answer:
Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World 1
Answer:
The young ones are smaller in size, height and shape.

Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

Question 2.
What do we learn from these pictures?
Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World 2
Answer:
We learn that all living beings whether plants or animals reproduce in different ways.

Question 3.
Observe a honeycomb and a wall. What are they made up of?
Answer:
Bricks are laid one over the other to form a wall. In a honeycomb, the beeswax is joined to form small compartments to form a honeycomb.

Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

Question 4.
In what ways are the plants and animals useful to us?
Answer:

Plants Animals
1. Plants cannot move from one place to another. They are anchored to the soil. 1. Animals can move from one place to another.
2. Plants prepare their own food with the help of chlorophyll and sunlight. 2. Animals cannot prepare their own food. They move in search of food from one place to another.
3. Plants grow throughout their life. 3. Animals grow only up to a certain period of their life.
4. Plants respire with the help of microscopic pores present on their leaves and stems. 4. Animals respire with the help of special organs like lungs, gills, trachea, etc.
5. Plants excrete their waste by storing them in the leaves and bark of plants and then shedding them seasonally. 5. Animals excrete their waste with the help of special organs regularly.
6. Plants are only living things which take in carbon dioxide and give out oxygen during photosynthesis. 6. Animals take in oxygen and give out carbon dioxide throughout their life.
7. Plants reproduce with the help of seeds, stems, spores, bulbs etc. 7. Animals reproduce by laying eggs or giving birth to young ones.

Use your brainpower!

Question 1.
What differences do you see in the growth of trees like mango, banyan and peepal and that of bamboo, coconut and toddy palms?
Answer:

  1. Trees like mango, banyan and peepal have lot of branches and leaves.
  2. They have a thick and wide trunk which is short.
  3. Trees like bamboo, coconut and toddy palm have few leaves and they are found only at the top of the trunk.
  4. The trunk of the tree is tall and comparatively thin.

Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

Question 2.
In each of the examples given below, what is the stimulus? What is the response?
Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World 3
Answer:

  1. In mimosa plant, touching the leaf is the stimulus and closing of mimosa leaves is the response.
  2. Keeping the potted plant near the window is the stimulus and growing the stem in the direction of sunlight is the response.

Question 3.
What is the main difference between movements of plants and animals?
Answer:

  1. Movement in plants is restricted i.e branches can bend towards light.
  2. They swing to and fro when the wind blows.
  3. The leaves open or close during the day and night, petals of flowers close or open during night and day.
  4. Roots grow in the direction of water under the ground.?
  5. Animals can freely move from one place to another in search of food, habitat and shelter.

Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

Question 4.
Why have so many plants and animals been able to survive on the earth even today?
Answer:

  1. All the animals and plants have ability to reproduce young ones similar to themselves.
  2. Also they have ability to adjust themselves to the conditions in their surroundings.
  3. Due to this ability we have so many types of plants and animals and they have been able to survive on the earth even today.

Question 5.
What is the sticky substance seen on the stems of the babul (acacia) or drumstick trees?
Answer:

  1. It is the gum which oozes out when we prick it or cut it.
  2. It is the waste product that is stored in the bark.
  3. This gum has a lot of medicinal value.

Observe and discuss.

Question 1.
Hold your hand in front of your nose or keep your hand on your chest. What do you feel?
Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World 4
Answer:

Living Things Non-Living Things
1. boy, girl, hen, dog, tree. 1. ball, book, fan, house, bucket, kite.

Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

Find the life span and age of maturity of the given living beings.

Question 1.
Find the life span and age of maturity of the given living beings.
Answer:

Plants/Animals Life span Maturity age (Time period required to grow into adults and reproduce)
Dog 10 -15 years 2-3 years
Cow 15 years 2 years
Hen/Chicken 6-8 years 6 months
Elephants 40-60 years 10-15 years
Tortoise More than 100 years 10-13 years
Butterfly 2-6 weeks 1 week
Mango tree 25 years 3-4 years
Peepal tree 150 years 3-4 years
Banyan tree 200-1000 years 5-6 years
Banana 25 years 3-4 years
Rice 3-4 months 1-2 months
Rose 5-7 years 1 year

Answer the following:

Question 1.
Is all the food we eat used by the body?
Answer:
No, non-essential and undigested food is thrown out of the body in the form of waste.

Maharashtra Board Class 6 Science Solutions Chapter 2 The Living World

Question 2.
What is the unused part of food converted into?
Answer:
The unused part of food is converted into excreta.

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