Balbharti Maharashtra Board Class 5 Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Addition and Subtraction Problem Set 12 Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers.

## Maharashtra State Board Class 5 Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Addition and Subtraction Problem Set 12

Question 1.

Solve the following word problems:

1. Prathamesh wants to buy a laptop worth 27,450 rupees. He has 22,975 rupees. What is the amount he still needs to be able to buy the laptop?

Solution:

₹ 2 7 4 5 0 Laptop worth

–

₹ 2 2 9 7 5 Prathmesh has

0 4 4 7 5 Require more

Answer:

₹ 04,475 amount require to buy the laptop,

2. A company produced 44,730 scooters in a certain year and 43,150 in the next. How many more scooters did they produce in the previous year?

Solution:

4 4 7 3 0 In previous year

–

4 3 1 5 0 In next year

0 1 5 8 0

Answer:

1,580 scooters produced more in the previous year.

3. In a certain city, the number of men is 16,37,856 and the number of women is 16,52,978. By how many does the number of women exceed the number of men?

Solution:

1 6 5 2 9 7 8 Women

–

1 6 3 7 8 5 6 Men

0 0 1 5 1 2 2

Answer:

15,122 women more than number of men.

4. An organization decided to collect 25,00,000 rupees for a certain project. They collected 26,57,340 through donations and other kinds of aid. By how much did they exceed their target?

Solution:

2 6 5 7 3 4 0 collected

–

2 5 0 0 0 0 0 decided to collect

0 1 5 7 3 4 0 collected more

Answer:

1,57,340

5. Use the numbers 23,849 and 27,056 to make a subtraction problem. Solve the problem.

Solution:

In a certain shop the price of a computer was ₹ 23,849 and that of TV set is ₹ 27,056. Price of TV set is how much more than that of a computer.

₹ 2 7 0 5 6 Price of T.V. sets

₹ 2 3 8 4 9 Price of computer

0 3 2 0 7 Price is more

Answer:

Price of TV set is more than computer by ₹ 3,207

Mixed examples

Study the following solved examples.

Example (1)

4,13,758 + 2,09,542 – 5,16,304

4,13,758 + 2,09,542 – 5,16,304 = 1,06,996

Example (2)

345678 – 162054 + 600127

345678 – 162054 + 600127 = 7,83,751

In these examples, both operations, addition and subtraction, have to be done. They are done in the order in which they are given. In actual cases, we need to consider the specific problem to decide which operation must be done first.

Example (3)

The total amount spent on building a certain house was ₹ 87,14,530. Of this amount, ₹ 24,72,615 were spent on buying the plot of land, ₹ 50,43,720 on the construction material and the rest on labour charges. What was the amount spent on labour?

Method : 1

8 7 1 4 5 3 0 → Total amount spent

–

2 4 7 2 6 1 5 → Cost of plot

6 2 4 1 9 1 5 → Cost of material and labour

6 2 4 1 9 1 5 → Cost of material and labour

–

5 0 4 3 7 2 0 → Cost of material

1 1 9 8 1 9 5 → Amount spent on labour

Method : 2

2 4 7 2 6 1 5 Cost of plot

+

5 0 4 3 7 2 0 Cost of material

7 5 1 6 3 3 5 Cost of plot and material

8 7 1 4 5 3 0 Total amount spent

–

7 5 1 6 3 3 5 Cost of plot and material

1 1 9 8 1 9 5 Amount spent on labour

Let us verify our answer.

2 4 7 2 6 1 5 Cost of plot

+

5 0 4 3 7 2 0 Cost of material

+

1 1 9 8 1 9 5 Amount spent on labour

8 7 1 4 5 3 0 Total cost

The sum total of all the amounts spent tallies with the given total cost. It means that our answer is correct.

**Addition and Subtraction Problem Set 12 Additional Important Questions and Answers**

Solve the following word problems:

Question 1.

Jethalal purchased goods for ₹ 53,25,675 sold it for ₹ 62,14,563. How much he obtained more in this transaction?

Solution:

6 2 1 4 5 6 3 Sold price

5 3 2 5 6 7 5 Purchased price

8 8 8 8 8 8 Obtained more

Answer:

₹ 8,88,888

Question 2.

In an election candidate A got 13,90,211 votes and candidate B got 8,57,143 votes. By how many votes the winner A defeated the looser B?

Solution:

1 3 9 0 2 1 1 Votes obtained by A

–

8 5 7 1 4 3 Votes obtained by B

0 5 3 3 0 6 8 Votes more obtained by A

Answer:

5,33,068